Went to Idaho Falls and back, covered a lot of territory . good day
Thursday, July 30, 2015
Sunday, July 26, 2015
Tuesday, July 14, 2015
Even if you don't believe is global warming, the issue of water needs to be addressed . Drinkable water , aquifer depletion are all going to effect us and our Children
Farming in the northeast corner of Colorado used to be simple: plant corn and watch it grow, irrigated by the massive Ogallala aquifer. Today the sprinklers at Marvin Pletcher’s farm in Yuma County, about 120 miles from Denver, put out half as much water as a decade ago, and he keeps them low to the ground to prevent evaporation. Half of Pletcher’s 1,300 acres are planted with wheat, sorghum, sunflowers, and pinto beans—crops that are less thirsty than corn, but also less profitable. “I have four wells in operation. In 10 years I’ll be lucky if I have one,” says the fourth-generation farmer. “We’re all drinking from the same bowl of water here, and when it’s gone, it’s gone.”
Our fisheries are also being threatened, not only by over fishing . Our waste is killing our rivers and the oceans .
Every year about this time, the Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone develops (Figure 1).
It's one of many that form at river deltas across the world (Figure 2).
In the southern US, a large one normally shows up at the Mississippi River outlet .
As the 2,300 mile long Mississippi river flows from the northern part of the US through New Orleans, it carries pollution consisting of runoff from storm drains, water treatment plants, factories and fertilizers just to name a few and drains them into the Gulf of Mexico.
Once there, the pollutants especially phosphates and nitrogen from fertilizers stimulate the overgrowth of algae (Figure 4).
Eventually, the algae sinks and dies. The resulting decomposition consumes the water's oxygen supply and kills much of the marine life.
This year, flood waters flowing into the gulf from Texas and Louisiana may increase the extent of the Dead Zone. It could expand west toward the Colorado, Brazos, Trinity, Sabine and Atachafalaya deltas.
Sunday, July 12, 2015
Tuesday, July 7, 2015
Wednesday, July 1, 2015
So here is an idea based on historical precedent. Would not be surprised if Ted Cruz or Ben Carson support this idea. What we need is a plague to wipe out 20 or 30 percent of the population think of the jobs it will create
The Black Death may still be making its presence felt 650 years after it ravaged Europe, as a historian claims it led directly to the creation of the pub.
The plague killed an estimated 1.5 million people in England between 1348 and 1350, but in its aftermath, with fewer people competing for work and land, living standards reached a height not matched until centuries later, said Prof Robert Tombs of Cambridge University.
Peasants had increased leisure time and freedom, so pubs became places for playing games, meeting and socialising.
The amount of free time available to 15th century workers was not equalled until the 1960s, Prof Tombs said.
Prof Tombs, speaking at the Chalke Valley History Festival in Wiltshire, said: “Terrible though it is to say, the Black Death actually had some rather good effects. This was a good time to be alive.
“This was when the English pub was invented and people started drinking lots of beer and playing football and so on. That was in a way due to, or at least a consequence of, and wouldn’t have been possible without, the Black Death.”
Explaining why the century afterwards could be seen as a good time to live, Prof Tombs said: “The population was getting too great, becoming a strain on resources in agricultural society.
“And after the Black Death, things started to look up. People got better off. There was more land to go around. Resources were not so stretched. What was later called the feudal system largely disappeared.
"Serfs became free because they could simply say to their lords, 'Ok, if you won’t give me my freedom I’ll go somewhere else’.
“And they did. So if lords wanted their fields to be tilled, they had to give their peasants or vassals what they wanted, which was essentially freedom and a better life.
“The standard of living people reached in the 15th century was not exceeded until the 1880s after the Industrial Revolution. And the amount of leisure they took was not equalled until the 1960s.”
Although people had brewed ale for many centuries, and drunk in taverns, the late Middle Ages is said to have seen the rise of the pub as would be recognised in the modern day.
“The brewing of ale was usually a cottage industry,” said Prof Tombs, a fellow of St John’s College who was promoting his book, The English and their History.
“Weak beer was the standard drink. But it’s in the early 15th century that you start getting places that are mainly, or permanently, dedicated to drinking beer that are also about playing games as well.
“That’s the origin of the pub; it’s a particular place. It’s not just that Mrs So-and-so brews berry occasionally and you can nip round to buy a farthing’s-worth of ale, but it’s now to become a full-time brewer with a public house one can go to at any time to eat and certainly socialise.
“And that I think is where it starts. In all countries there are drinking places, but I think there is a sense that it’s not just for drinking but also for sociability, not just to get blind drunk and fall under the table.”